Liver Cancer: Symptoms, Signs, Causes, and Treatment

Liver cancer may not initially exhibit any apparent signs or symptoms. However, as a liver tumor develops over time, a patient might notice or feel it. Or a doctor might detect it when performing a checkup. Cancer may already be advanced and more challenging to treat at this point. The symptoms of primary liver cancer, which begins in the liver, and secondary liver cancer, which starts elsewhere and progresses to the liver, are the same symptoms. Here is a detailed view of liver cancer:

What is Liver Cancer?

Hepatocellular cancer also referred to as liver cancer, is cancer that starts inside the liver. Liver metastases are the medical term for cancer that has spread to the liver from another area of the body. Liver cancer may also develop due to tumors in the colon, lungs, breast, pancreas, stomach, and other organs before spreading to the liver through the bloodstream.

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cancer

The most signs and symptoms of liver cancer include:

  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Dark urine
  • Pale or chalky stools
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Poor appetite
  • Easy bruising or bleeding 
  • Feeling of fullness after eating a less amount of food
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Other common signs of infections and illnesses might cause many of these symptoms. As the tumor enlarges and the disease advances, the symptoms of liver cancer may continue to change and get worse. For a precise diagnosis, the patient must visit a doctor if they experience any potential symptoms.

Patients with liver cancer in advanced stages frequently experience pain. The patient may feel pain in both the main liver cancer location and the areas cancer has spread to, as cancer has most certainly spread by that time.

Causes of Liver Cancer Transplant

When liver cells experience DNA changes, liver cancer develops. The DNA of every cell in your body contains a set of instructions for every chemical process. DNA mutations lead to variations in these instructions. One outcome is that cells may start to grow out of control and later form a tumor, which is a collection of cancerous cells.

Identifying the cause of liver cancer, such as chronic hepatitis infections, is sometimes possible. However, it occasionally affects persons with no underlying illnesses, and its exact cause is unknown.

Risk Factors

Below listed are the few factors that add to the risk of primary liver cancer include:

  • Chronic infection with HBV or HCV: Your chance of developing liver cancer rises if you have a chronic infection with the hepatitis B or C viruses (HBV or HCV).
  • Cirrhosis: Your risk of developing liver cancer grows due to this untreatable, progressive disorder that causes scar tissue to accumulate in your liver.
  • Certain inherited liver diseases: Wilson’s disease and hemochromatosis are two liver conditions that can raise the chance of developing liver cancer.
  • Diabetes: The risk of liver cancer is higher in those with this blood sugar issue than in people without diabetes.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: The risk of developing liver cancer rises when fat builds up in the liver.
  • Exposure to aflatoxins: Aflatoxins are poisons created by fungi on improperly stored crops. Aflatoxin-contaminated crops, including grains and nuts, may end up in foods manufactured from these ingredients.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption: Over an extended period, consuming more alcohol than is considered moderate can permanently harm your liver and raise your risk of developing liver cancer.

Treatment for Liver Cancer Treatment


Surgery to remove the portion of the liver where cancer is diagnosed is known as a partial hepatectomy. Removing a wedge of tissue, a complete lobe, or a more significant part of the liver, along with some surrounding healthy tissue, may be necessary. The liver’s functions are assumed by the remaining liver tissue, which may also regenerate.

Liver transplant

The entire liver is removed during a liver transplant and replaced with a healthy donor liver. A liver transplant may be performed if the condition only affects the liver and a donor liver can be obtained. Another treatment is provided if necessary while the patient waits for a liver donation.

Radiation therapy

This procedure employs powerful energy from sources like protons and X-rays to kill cancer cells and reduce tumors. While protecting the healthy tissue around it, doctors carefully guide the energy to the liver.

Radiation therapy may be possible if alternative treatments are either not feasible or have not been effective. Radiation therapy may assist in managing symptoms in cases of advanced liver cancer. As you undergo care with external beam radiation therapy, a machine directs energy beams at a specific location on your body as you lay on a table.


Patients with liver cancer frequently undergo hepatectomy. The surgical removal of a portion of your liver is known as a partial hepatectomy. This procedure is designed to remove the portions of your liver that have cancerous tumors while leaving the healthy portions of the organ intact.

Targeted drug therapy

Drug treatments that target specific abnormalities in cancer cells are used. Targeted drug treatments can kill cancer cells by obstructing these abnormalities. For the treatment of advanced liver cancer, many targeted drugs are available.

Some targeted therapies are only effective in patients whose cancer cells carry specific genetic abnormalities. It is possible to test these medicines on your cancer cells in a lab to determine if they can benefit you.


Immunotherapy, a method of cancer treatment, employs your immune system. Your body’s immune system may be unable to fight your cancer because cancer cells produce substances that render immune system cells blind. Immunotherapy affects that process to work. Advanced liver cancer patients are typically the only ones who receive immunotherapy treatments.


Drugs are used in chemotherapy to kill rapidly proliferating cells, especially cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be given orally, intravenously, or through a vein in your arm. Advanced liver cancer is occasionally treated with chemotherapy.

Liver Cancer Treatment in India

For the treatment of liver cancer, choosing a reputable hospital is essential. Make sure the hospital you choose has the most up-to-date cancer treatment technology while looking for a facility to treat liver cancer. 

India offers top-quality treatment for liver cancer at an affordable cost. The top 10 liver cancer hospital in India offers specific low-cost packages for liver cancer treatment with a skilled post-care team of doctors that guarantees a high success and survival rate.

Final Thoughts

As everyone knows, cancer is the biggest issue. Mainly when it occurs in the liver, it will cause severe problems. The above listed are the treatment you can go with if you find any symptoms related to liver cancer.

By jamesmonica839

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