Sativa vs Indica – What to Expect from Cannabis Strains and Types of Cannabis

Sativa vs Indica – what is the difference? We have gathered all the information you need to tell the difference and to choose the one which is best for you!

The two major kinds of marijuana, indica as well as indica, are utilized to treat a variety of medical and recreational uses.

Sativas are renowned by their “head high,” an energetic, invigorating effect that may help to ease stress or anxiety, and improve focus and concentration.

Indicas are usually associated with effects on the whole body, for example, promoting deep relaxation and decreasing sleepiness.

While research on the effects is not extensive but it is apparent that the plants have more common than we previously believed.

The cannabis industry has seen a lot of cannabis users have abandoned terminology like Indica, Sativa and hybrid and have begun to classify the various “strains” or, more accurately, “chemovars” as:

Type 1: high THC

Type II Combination of CBD and THC

Type III High CBD

In the last few years it is becoming clear that the marijuana industry has been shifting away from “strains” and using chemovars (chemical varieties) instead, considering that the term “strain” is often used to describe viruses and bacteria.

This means that the kind, or category of cannabis could not be the best indication about the effect you’ll get.

This article will help you find the best plant to meet your needs, the best varieties to be considered, potential adverse effects, and much more.

What are the signs to look out for in order to comprehend the effects of strain?

The most commonly-used rule of thumb is that sativas tend to be more active and energetic, while indicas are more soothing and relaxing However, it’s not so simple.

The effects of each plant are different and effects, even within the same cannabis type. The effects are based on the chemical composition of the plant and the method of cultivation employed.

Instead of focusing on the kind of marijuana you want such as indica or sativa examine the description that the grower as well as the dispensary offer.

The plant varieties break down to particular breeds or chemovars.

Chemovars can be distinguished by their unique cannabinoid and terpene contents. A “cannabinoid profile” will provide the user with the most relevant information that will help them decide the chemovar that is most suitable to them.

Names alone do not give the user the information needed to select the right profile. These chemicals are the ones that determine the overall effects of the chemovar.


Cannabis plants contain a myriad of chemical compounds known as cannabinoids.

The naturally occurring compounds are the main cause of the side effects both positive and negativethat result from cannabis usage.

Researchers don’t know what cannabinoids are, but they have identified two major compounds — tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as well as cannabidiol (CBD) -and also a variety of less well-known compounds. Read further so you are able to tell the difference between Sativa vs Indica now!

These are:

THC. THC is the primary psychoactive ingredient found in cannabis plants. It’s the one responsible of an “high” or state of the euphoria that is associated with cannabis consumption. The levels of THC are increasing as growers strive to make hybrids that have higher levels of the chemical.

CBD. CBD isn’t euphoric, or pain-inducing. CBD doesn’t give you a “high.” However, CBD can provide numerous physical benefits, like decreasing nausea and pain in addition to preventing seizures as well as easing migraine.

CBN. Cannabinol (CBN) can be utilized to alleviate symptoms and the side consequences of neurological conditions like epilepsy, seizures and uncontrollable muscle stiffness.

THCA. Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) is like THC however it does not trigger any psychoactive effects. Its potential benefits include the reduction of inflammation that can be caused by arthritis as well as other autoimmune disorders. It could also help in reducing symptoms of neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or ALS.

CBG. The chemical known as cannabigerol (CBG) is believed to reduce anxiety and symptoms of obsession-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. We hope you are able to tell the difference between Sativa vs Indica now!


A lot of attention is given to the quantity of CBD and THC in a specific strain, however new studies suggest that Terpenes could have the same impact.

Terpenes are yet another naturally occurring chemical within Cannabis plants.

Terpenes are the primary ingredients that affect the smell of the plant. They also impact the effects certain strains can produce.

According to Leafly the most common terpenes are:

Bisabolol. With a blend of chamomile as well as tea tree oils the terpene bisabolol may be thought to ease irritation and inflammation. It also has the ability to reduce pain and inflammation.

Caryophyllene. The spicy, peppery chemical can help ease anxiety and depression symptoms, as well as ease depression-related symptoms and also improve ulcers.

Linalool. Linalool is said to increase relaxation and mood by bringing out the floral scent.

Myrcene. The most well-known terpene this herbal, earthy molecule can reduce anxiety and insomnia so that you are able to sleep more comfortably.

Ocimene. This terpene is responsible for notes of mango, basil and parsley. Its main benefits include alleviating congestion and fighting off bacteria and viruses.

Pinene. The name itself suggests that this terpene gives off a strong pine scent. It could help increase memory, ease pain as well as ease some of the unpleasant symptoms of THC like nausea and problems with coordination.

Terpinolene. Cannabis that contains this chemical may be odorous like cumin, apples and conifers. It could be sedative, antibacterial and antifungal qualities.

Limonene. Fresh, citrusy notes originate out of this terpene. It’s thought to improve mood and decrease stress.

Humulene. This terpene is extremely woody and earthy, similar to cloves or hops. Cannabis strains that contain this molecule can help to reduce inflammation.

Eucalyptol. It contains notes of eucalyptus as well as Tea tree oil. This molecule can be revitalizing and refreshing. It could also aid in reducing inflammation and fight off bacteria. We hope you are able to tell the difference between Sativa vs Indica now!

Sativa in-depth

Source: Cannabis sativa is found predominantly in dry, hot conditions with long, sunny days. This includes Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, and portions of Western Asia.

Description of the plant: Sativa plants are thin and tall, with leaves that resemble fingers. They can grow up to 12 feet, and have a longer time to mature than other varieties of cannabis.

Common CBD and THC ratiois: Sativa generally has less dosages of CBD and higher amounts of THC.

Commonly, the effects associated with use: Sativa often produces a “mind high,” or an energy-boosting, stress-reducing effect. If you are using sativa-dominant plants you might feel more energetic and productive, but not sluggish and drowsy.

Use at night or in the daytime because of its stimulating effect, you can take Sativa in the morning or at night.

Top strains for popular: The three well-known Sativa strains comprise Acapulco Gold Panama Red Acapulco Gold, Panama Red and Durban Poison.

Sativa strains are known to create an enhanced cerebral effect which affects mood and emotional. They are popular for boosting levels of energy, enhancing concentration, and fighting depression. Sativa strains are frequently suggested for use during the daytime as many users have found them beneficial for relief from symptoms, without disrupting everyday activities.

We hope you are able to tell the difference between Sativa vs Indica now!

Indica in-depth

Source: Cannabis indica is native to Afghanistan, India, Pakistan as well as Turkey. The plants have evolved to the dry, harsh, and brutal climates within the Hindu Kush mountains.

Description of the plant: Indica plants are short and stocky , with lush greenery and hefty leaves that grow large and wide. They are more vigorous than sativa and each plant has more buds.

The typical ratio of CBD to THC: Indica strains often have higher levels of CBD but their THC content isn’t always the same.

Commonly, associated effects of using: Indica is sought after because of its calming effects. It can also alleviate pain and nausea, and boost appetite.

Use during the day or at night due to its deep relaxing effects, it is best consumed at night.

Sativa strains can produce an enhanced cerebral effect that affects mood and emotions. They are famous to boost energy levels, enhancing concentration, and fighting depression. Sativa strains are usually advised for use in the morning as many users have found them beneficial for relief from symptoms, without disrupting the daily routine.

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By Daniel Lincoln

Daniel Lincoln is owner of First News Wallet, Special Author on Answer Diary, Also partner of Cary Grant in ANO Services to provide best and high quality SEO Services in UK and Worldwide. He is the founder of "Wallet of Daniel", an online content creation company that owns many sites providing high-quality content to millions of internet users already.

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