The International Road Transport Union (IRU) represents drivers and operators of trucks, buses and taxis around the world. The organization works to promote sustainable road transport and economic growth. In a world where vehicle ownership rates are lower than in developed countries, IRU’s work is vital to ensuring the sustainability of global road transport.
IRU’s role in sustainable development
The IRU’s role in sustainable development is a global perspective. Its motto, “Working together for a better future,” is an example of its effectiveness in working with public authorities and other organizations. The IRU has been active in the international community for over 65 years, fostering partnerships and strengthening the role of road transport.
The IRU was founded in 1948 and represents the world’s road transport operators. Through its work, it promotes economic growth, prosperity, safety and sustainable mobility of goods and people.
The TIR Convention for International Road Transport was created in 1975 and aims to simplify the administrative procedures of international road transport. The TIR convention is a multilateral treaty. It was signed at Geneva on 14 November 1975. Its purpose is to facilitate the transportation of goods from one country to another.
The TIR Convention aims to make international road transport more efficient by reducing delays caused by border controls. It allows goods to be carried through multiple countries without having to stop at any customs checkpoint. Because the TIR vehicle remains sealed throughout the transport process, customs authorities can inspect the goods only at random. The TIR Convention is applicable to road vehicles, combinations of vehicles, and containers. Those traveling by air, sea, or sea may also use the TIR Carnet to avoid customs inspections.
European Agreement concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport
In international road haulage, a number of legal regulations govern working conditions for the crews of vehicles. Among these is the European Agreement concerning the work of crews of vehicles engaged in international road transport, or AETR. This convention governs employment rules and working time recording for drivers and other crew members engaged in international road transport.
The AETR provides that a vehicle registered in a European Union Member State must not exceed 1,524 kilogrammes unladen, and its maximum allowed weight must not exceed 3.5 tonnes. In the event of a dispute arising out of the AETR, a dispute can be settled by arbitration. The European Agreement also states that a court or arbitral tribunal should be appointed after a general agreement between the parties.
Challenges for developing economies to have rates of individual vehicle ownership similar to those of advanced economies
The automotive industry is an important contributor to the development of many economies. It creates jobs and economic growth, which is why many economies actively promote it. But the automotive industry is not free from challenges. In some developing economies, it can be uncompetitive and can lead to social inequity.
As a result, the industry is undergoing significant transformation. It is shifting towards low-carbon vehicles, organised mobility services, and digital platforms. This shift towards newer and more efficient technologies requires a strong economic foundation and a competitive manufacturing industry. Fortunately, the emergence of the electric vehicle industry offers developing economies the opportunity to attract significant amounts of foreign investment and build a highly skilled workforce.
Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 consolidated and harmonised rules on cabotage
Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 has consolidated and harmonised rules on the cabotage of passenger vehicles. This Regulation replaces Directive 2006/94/EC and addresses the problems of cabotage. It covers road transport services between EU member states.
In general, cabotage operations are those provided by hauliers in another Member State without establishing a permanent establishment in that State. They should not be prohibited, but they should also be clearly defined and subject to Community law and national law in the host Member State.
Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 harmonised rules on full truckloads
Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 is a European Union directive aimed at harmonising the rules and practices on full truckloads. Its aim is to improve road safety and security in the transport sector. However, the new rules do not come without some practical consequences for road transport companies. As such, companies will have to review their business models and operations.
The new rules are designed to help drivers in the international road transport sector. They aim to create a more stable and harmonised business environment for transport companies, which include small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Road transport companies should closely monitor the new rules and make necessary adjustments in order to ensure compliance and avoid sanctions.